The first step is to choose a backup
device. You might choose a tape drive or a DVD drive, but those devices
might require drivers to be installed before you could restore from
them. The simplest option is to install a second hard drive in your
The second hard drive doesn't have to
be equal to your main hard drive. You can use an older, smaller hard
drive as the backup device, as long as the backup drive has more "Free
Space" than the main hard drive has "Used Space".
Install a Second Hard Drive
When installing a second hard drive in
your computer, it's important to configure the drives correctly. Your
motherboard should have two ATA (sometimes called IDE) connectors. The
primary connector should have a cable with two drive connectors. The end
connector should go to your main hard drive, the middle connector can be
used for a backup hard drive. The second motherboard ATA connector
should go to your CD-ROM.
On the back of each hard drive is a
jumper. The jumper on your main hard drive should be set to the "Master"
position. The jumper on your backup hard drive should be set to "Slave"
position. Most modern computers use "Cable Select", so you can set both
jumpers to the "Cable Select" position. Don't forget the power connector
for the second drive.
When you restart your computer, the
second drive should be automatically recognized and be designated with
the next drive letter available, usually E: (D: being used for the
Format the Second Hard Drive
Generally, you will want to re-format
the second hard drive after installation to remove any previously
installed operating system and to remove any previous file access
rights. To format the drive, select Start | Settings | Control Panel |
Administration Tools | Computer Management. In the "Computer Management"
window, under "Storage", click on "Disk Management".
Right click on the backup disk's drive
letter. In the popup menu, select All Tasks | Format... In the Warning
dialog box that appears, click on the "Yes" button. In the "Format"
dialog box, in the "File system" drop-down list, select NTFS. Click on
the "OK" button. Again, in the Warning dialog box that appears, click on
the "Yes" button.
Install the Backup Utility
Windows XP Home Edition doesn't install
the Backup utility by default. You'll need to install it manually from
your Windows XP CD-ROM.
1. After inserting the CD-ROM, open
Control Panel's "Add or Remove Programs" utility. In the "Add or Remove
Programs" utility", click on the "Add New Programs" button, then click
on the "CD or Floppy" button.
2. In the "Run Installation Program"
dialog box that appears, navigate to the VALUEAD/MSFT/NTBACKUP folder on
the CD-ROM and select the file NTBACKUP.MSI. Click on the "Finish"
button. The Backup utility will be installed.
Perform a Full Backup
To perform a backup, select Start |
Programs | Accessories | System Tools | Backup to open the Backup
Note: If you don't find Backup listed
in System Tools, double click on the file name ntbackup.exe in the
In the "Backup or Restore Wizard",
click on the "Advanced Mode" link. In the "Backup Utility" dialog box,
select the "Backup" tab and set the checkbox next to the drive to backup
(c:) and set the checkbox next to "System State".
In the "Backup media or file name" text
box, enter the path to the file for the backup (example E:Backup.bkf).
Click on the "Start Backup" button.
In the "Backup Job Information" dialog
box that appears, set the radio button next to "Replace the data on the
media with this backup". Click on the "Start Backup" button. The "backup
Progress" dialog box will appear.
Even when you backup to relatively fast
media like hard disk, the process can take 30 minutes or longer
depending upon how much data is on the main drive.
When the backup is complete, turn off
the computer and remove the data and power cables from the backup drive.
It doesn't make sense to leave the backup drive connected because if the
cause of a failure is a power spike, it will take out both drives. Next
time you want to backup you'll need to reinstall the cables.
How to Perform a Restore
In the unfortunate event that your
computer crashes and you can't get it back by any other means, you'll
need to reinstall Windows XP from the CD-ROM. (Automated System Recovery
is not supported in Windows XP Home Edition.) You'll need to re-install
the Backup utility. Then you'll need to shut down the computer to
install the data and power cables to the backup drive. Restart the
computer and use the Backup Utility to restore Windows XP from the
When using this backup method, it's
important to be careful not to break any pins when you are removing and
installing the data cable of the hard drive. And if your computer
doesn't use "cable Select", don't forget to change the jumper on the
main hard drive back to "Single".
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